The Colors Scope and Sequence

The Colors Elementary Science

Scope and Sequence 

The Colors is a broad-based science course for late elementary and early middle school students. The target audience is generally composed of home schoolers who are concrete thinkers, ages 10-12. The target grade levels are generally 5th to 7th. The course will be used (albeit at a slower pace) by some eight- and nine-year-olds, and by developmentally or educationally delayed 13 year olds. Since students above 12 years of age tend to be abstract thinkers, as opposed to concrete thinkers, The Rainbow is usually the course of choice for 13-year-olds.

The Colors covers all the major disciplines of science in two years when done at a three-day-per-week pace for 35 weeks per year. There are lessons in:

In keeping with the developmental stages of young students, the different lessons and disciplines are not presented as units, but rather spread over the entire two years to suit shorter attention spans and day-to-day variety of topics and teaching methods. An Activity Book is provided for a variety of kinesthetic and verbal reinforcement exercises. Of course, in the tradition of Beginnings Publishing House, we have provided a complete, weekly lab experience for hands-on reinforcement as well. 

Below is a list of the lessons included in the two-year scope as given in the Table of Contents, along with an explanation of the scientific topic referenced by each lesson’s title. The lessons are color coded by lesson type as follows:

Scope and Sequence 

Year 1 

  1. Hello (What will this course be like?)
  2. The Golden Keys (Placing the keys of discovery in the hands of the student)
  3. Theory Theory (An adventurous introduction to the concept of scientific theory)
  4. The Instructions Game (Hilarious practice in giving and following instructions)
  5. What Next? (What kinds of lessons will we be studying and how are they arranged)
  6. Concrete-Abstract-Matter (The most basic classification of things and ideas)
  7. Computer 01 - I Am Your Computer (An introduction to computer science)
  8. Periodic Table (Getting to know the elemental substances)
  9. Measuring System 01 (A light-hearted look at measures and measuring)
  10. Coming Unglued - Anatomy (Analysis by disassembly)
  11. Eating Big, Ugly, Scary Words for Lunch BIO: Sir Isaac Newton
  12. Worthless (People are made of chemicals, but the total is more than the sum of the parts)
  13. The Space-Traveling-Weight-Loss Program (Comparing mass against weight)
  14. Computer 02 - Peripherals BIO: Mendeleev
  15. Element Names
  16. Measuring System 02
  17. Coming Unglued II - Cells (An introduction to cells and their organelles)
  18. Scientific Method (Introduction to hypothesis testing)
  19. My Body 02 - Here’s Looking at You, Kid (Anatomy and function of the human eye)
  20. Three Dimensional Space (Introduction to dimensionality and dimensional measurements)
  21. Sarah Subjectivity (Potential problems of overly-subjective judgments) BIO: Famous Names in Medicine
  22. Box Making (An exercise in following detailed instructions)
  23. Element Names II
  24. Kingdoms (Understanding biological classification schemes)
  25. Kinds of Scientists (Experimenters versus Observationists)
  26. My Body 03 - Ears
  27. Three Dimensional Space Activity (Properties of space)
  28. Computer 02 - Monitor
  29. What’s In the Box (Matter too small to see) BIO: Leeuwenhoek
  30. Deduction 01 (Focus on the importance of logic in science)
  31. Living Things are Cellular (Microscopic anatomy of living things)
  32. My Body 04 – Skin
  33. Pressure (Introduction of pressure as a physical phenomenon)
  34. Computer 03 - Mouse
  35. Element Names III
  36. Where Does It Go? ( Categorizing items on the basis of more than one feature)
  37. Cell Division (How cells reproduce)
  38. My Body 05 – Heat (Heat in homeostasis)
  39. Units I - Length (Introduction to units and measurement in the physical world)
  40. Amy Assumption (Potential problems associated with the failure to recognize and state assumptions) BIO: Watson & Crick
  41. Phases (Solids, liquids and gases)
  42. Dual Classification BIO: Gas Guys
  43. Reproduction (How different kinds of organisms reproduce at the organism level)
  44. My Body 06 – Oxygen & Food
  45. Units II – Time, Temperature, Mass, Weight
  46. Computer 05 - Printer
  47. Isotopes BIO: Curie
  48. Thinking Skills 03 - Waves (Analysis of a simple standing wave)
  49. Complex Life Cycles (Organisms having many different forms at different phases of their lives)
  50. My Body 08 – Water (The essentiality of water in the life process and homeostasis)
  51. Force, Energy, Work, Power
  52. Computer 06 – Inside 1
  53. Changing the Masses of Atom (Introduction to atomic particles)
  54. How to Read a Table BIO: Mendel
  55. Genetics (Introduction to the science of heredity)
  56. My Body 09 – Growth & Exercise
  57. Units III – Complex Units
  58. Cottonmouth Jen (The importance of conservatism and failsafe) BIO: Archimedes
  59. Changing Phases (Changes from solid to liquid to gas, and the reverse)
  60. Facts 01 (A lesson in critical thinking) BIO: Joule
  61. Microbiology (An introduction to microscopic organisms) BIO: Pasteur
  62. My Body 11 – Spreading Disease 1 (Different kinds of diseases and whether, and how, they can be spread)
  63. Friction
  64. Computer 07 – Inside 2
  65. Chemical Reactions
  66. Facts 02 (More of critical thinking) BIO: Nobel
  67. Photosynthesis (How plants make their own food)
  68. My Body 12 – Spreading Disease 2 (Staying healthy among germs)
  69. Fluids
  70. Computer 07b – Inside 3
  71. Plant Anatomy

Year 2 

  1. My Body 13 – Respiratory Tract
  2. Electricity BIO: Faraday
  3. Johnny One Time (The Importance of Reproducibility in scientific research and development)
  4. Medicine Cabinet 01 (An introduction to medicines, and household preventatives and remedies)
  5. Medicine Cabinet 01b
  6. The Anatomy of a Planet (The Structure of the Earth)
  7. Exploratory Data Analysis 01 (How to look at a collection of numbers)
  8. Exploratory Data Analysis 02
  9. Comparing Anatomies (Learning about ourselves from animals)
  10. My Body 14 – Mouth & Tongue
  11. Earth Zones (Deep subsurface geology)
  12. Heat
  13. Computer 08 – Software BIO: F, C & K
  14. Medicine Cabinet 02
  15. Rock Groups (Classification of mineral matter)
  16. Exploratory Data Analysis 03
  17. Insects
  18. My Body 12 – Sleep Habits
  19. Crustal Geology
  20. Exploratory Data Analysis 04
  21. Light
  22. Computer 09 – User Friendly Software BIO: Carson
  23. Medicine Cabinet 02b
  24. Commercial Minerals
  25. Arachnids (Spiders, Ticks, Mites, Scorpions)
  26. My Body 15 – Teeth
  27. Everyday Technology 1 - Transmitter & Receiver (Everyday household technology and how it works)
  28. Understanding Light (Wave-particle duality as a matter of fact)
  29. O. Pinion (The place of opinion in science) BIO: Planck
  30. Medicine Cabinet 03
  31. Everyday Technology 2 - Telephone
  32. Nobody Is Average – Exp. 05
  33. Bones
  34. Body 15b - Teeth
  35. Everyday Technology 3 – Radio
  36. Radar BIO: Astronomers
  37. Computer 10 – Modem
  38. Medicine Cabinet 04
  39. Everyday Technology 4 – Cell Phone
  40. Deduction 01 (What can be deduced from these facts?)
  41. Muscles
  42. My Body 16 – Mouth Parts BIO: Leonardo
  43. Everyday Technology 5 – Camera
  44. Conservation of Energy
  45. Computer – Internet
  46. Medicine Cabinet 05
  47. Everyday Technology 6 – Television
  48. Deduction 02 BIO: Edison
  49. Immunity
  50. My Body 17 – Heart
  51. Everyday Technology 7 – Storing Info
  52. Energetics
  53. Susan Summary (The hazards of jumping to conclusions) BIO: Krebs
  54. Medicine Cabinet 05b
  55. Everyday Technology 8 – CD, DVD, Flash Memory
  56. Deduction 03
  57. Development (From single cell to human in stages)
  58. My Body 18 – Reflexes
  59. Everyday Technology 9 – Engine
  60. Everyday Technology 10 – Engine
  61. Light Can Be Bent (Spectrum and prisms)
  62. Medicine Cabinet 06 BIO: Einstein
  63. Prob01 – A Roll of the Dice (An introduction to simple probability)
  64. Adaptations (How living things can change within limits from one generation to another)
  65. Everyday Technology 11 – Car
  66. Lenses
  67. Medical Practitioners BIO: Flemming
  68. Prob02
  69. Everyday Technology 12 – A/C
  70. Waves
  71. Prob03
  72. Everyday Technology 13– Airplanes